Using Kotlin Coroutines and Channel from Swift

A while ago I wrote an article about Kotlin Coroutines' Channel and Android Lifecycle.

And some days later someone came to ask me "How can we use Coroutines/Channel from iOS code?"

I had wrote about it briefly in Japanese, but I thought I should write it in English too, so here it is.

Assume that I have a ViewModel like this.

class ViewModel(coroutineContext: CoroutineContext) : CoroutineScope {
  val states: Channel<State>

State is a data class which holds all UI state, and ViewModel.states emits state update.

Consuming this val states: Channel<State> is easy in Android. Just consume it(check out my previous post for the detail!)

But in iOS(Swift), it's not that easy. You can't just consume it.

So how?

I think there are two ways:

  • Extend ViewModel and convert Channel to ordinary callback
  • Create "Adapter" which implement CoroutineScope

Choice 1 is simple and easy to understand. Just like this.

class ViewModelForIos(coroutineContext: CoroutineContext) : ViewModel(coroutineContext) {
    fun onStateChanged(stateChanged: (State) -> Unit) {
        launch {
            states.consumeEach { newState ->

Because now you don't need to deal with channel directly, you can use this ViewModel#observeState in Swift.

Choice 2 is a bit complex, but still not that difficult.

class ViewModelAdapter(
    val context: CoroutineContext 
): CoroutineScope {

    private val job = SupervisorJob()
    override val coroutineContext: CoroutineContext = job + uiContext

    fun onSateChanged(viewModel: ViewModel, stateChanged: (state: ExchangeFromState) -> Unit) {
        launch {
            viewModel.states.consumeEach {

    fun dispose() {

Here's simple Adapter implementation. You can use this in Swift like below.

let viewModel = ViewModel(AppDispatcher)  // implement your own CoroutineContext
let adapter = ViewModelAdapter(AppDispatcher)

adapter.onStateChanged(viewModel) { state in 
    return KotlinUnit()

// call this when you don't need update anymore

Actually, these two snippets are doing samething. Converting channel to callback.

Choice 2 might look like a lot of code, but you can use generics and in total you will save lots of lines of code conpared to choice 1. I personally call it "Adapter" pattern.

Hope this helps someone.

Have a good day!